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The Cheyenne are probably one of the most culturally rich nomadic tribes because of their sedentary origins.  Aside from the brief sampling of their mythology shown above, they have hundreds of legends and stories which were passed from one generation to the next.

Another interesting fact is that despite the Cheyenne being a nomadic tribe, they still practiced a little agriculture, planting mas and other vegetables around their temporary homes.

When the Lewis and Clark expedition encountered the Cheyenne in 1804, they documented the tribe as being well organized on a social level, and being "rich in dogs and horses".

The Cheyenne were also well organized on a socio-political level too; they had divided the men of the tribe in warrior castes based on their age groups. The Cheyenne named their warriors Thunder Bows, Wolf Soldiers, Fox Soldiers and Bull Soldiers, and whilst not actively pursuing conflict, they did maintain order within the tribal ranks, and participated in traditional ceremonies such as the Sun Dance, which was a very important event for all  Plains Indian tribes, and the Arrow Renewal Ceremony, in which four sacred arrows were placed on a pole and cared for by the male members of the tribe who would pray to them for good fortune in hunting and battle for the months to come. 

One of the most important castes of the Cheyenne Indians was that of the Dogmen; warriors were united into a society which had grown so strong in numbers that it controlled a vast majority of the Cheyenne Nation.  The Dogmen served as peacekeepers during many conflicts, defending tribes to whom they had been assigned.  The society of the Dogmen eventually grew so strong in numbers that it became a band by itself, occupying the plate of Nebraska as their main territory.  Over the years, the Dogmen had captured many of their enemies, which they used as slaves.

The Dogmen also performed many ceremonies and dances, It is believed that the Dogmen were responsible for nearly six hundred songs and legends.

The Cheyenne exercised diplomacy when dealing with neighboring tribes, with whom they would also trade.  Over the years, as they grew more powerful and economically strong, rivalries began to form within their ranks, and the tribe was ultimately divided into two factions, the Northern Cheyenne, and the Southern Cheyenne.






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